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วันศุกร์ที่ 18 กันยายน พ.ศ. 2552

Small intestine of Animals


two other digestive organs mix with the food to continue the process of digestion. One of these organs is the pancreas. It produces a juice that contains a wide array of enzymes to breakdown down the carbohydrate, fat, and protein in food. Other enzymes that are active in the process come from glands in the wall of the intestine or even a part of that wall. The liver produces yet another digestive juice—bile. The bile is stored between meals in the gallbladder. At mealtime, it is squeezed out of the gallbladder into the bile ducts to reach the intestine and mix with the fat in our food. The bile acids dissolve the fat into the watery contents of the intestine, much like detergents that dissolve grease from a frying pan. After the fat is dissolved, it is digested by enzymes from the pancreas and the lining of the intestine.

He wall of the small intestine is thrown into circular folds with fingerlike projections, called villi. The epithelial cells of each villus have extensions called microvilli. A large number of villi with their microvilli increase the small intestine's surface area for nutrient absorption and give the intestinal wall a soft, velvety appearance.

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